49 CFR Part 830: Notification and Reporting
49 CFR Part 830: Notification and Reporting of Aircraft Accidents or Incidents and Overdue Aircraft, and Preservation of Aircraft Wreckage, Mail, Cargo, and Records
B: Initial Notification of Aircraft Accidents, Incidents, and Overdue Aircraft
C: Preservation of Aircraft Wreckage, Mail, Cargo, and Records
D: Reporting of Aircraft Accidents, Incidents, and Overdue Aircraft
An aircraft accident means an occurrence in which any person suffers death or serious injury, or in which the aircraft receives substantial damage.
Fatal injury means any injury which results in death within 30 days of the accident.
An incident refers to an occurrence other than an accident which affects or could affect the safety of operations.
Serious injury means any injury which:
Substantial damage means damage or failure which adversely affects the structural strength, performance, or flight characteristics of the aircraft, and which would normally require major repair or replacement of the affected component.
Items not considered "substantial damage" include
Operators shall immediately notify the NTSB in the event of:
Information to be given is outlined in 49 CFR 830.6.
The operator shall file a report within 10 days after an accident, or after 7 days if an overdue aircraft is still missing.
A report on an incident for which immediate notification is required per 830.5(a) shall be filed only as requested by an authorized representative of the Board.
Accident and incident notification & reporting questions are part of the FAA's test database. Pilots can expect to see at least one question on most tests.
The regulations are very specific, but the time requirements can be broken down into four categories:
"Immediate" applies to a list of seven critical events. "Flight control system malfunction or failure" is the one that shows up most often in test questions. In general, these are in-flight failures — flight controls, turbine engines, cockpit displays, crew members, fires. This category also includes mid-air collisions and substantial property damage.
Ten (10) days applies to aircraft accidents. This requires:
Important note: While the NTSB expects a report within ten days of an accident, it expects an immediate notification.
Seven (7) days only applies the time required to file a report on an overdue aircraft. It does not apply to any other scenario.
Everything else is "Upon request."
|Critical events & accidents
|Report within ten (10) days
|Report within seven (7) days
|Report upon request
Commercial Pilot & Flight Instructor Test Questions
The operator of an aircraft that has been involved in an incident is required to submit a report to the nearest field office of the NTSB only if requested to do so.
If an aircraft is involved in an accident which results in substantial damage to the aircraft, the nearest NTSB field office shall be notified immediately.
Notification to the NTSB is required when there has been substantial damage which adversely affects aircraft performance.
A person must be hospitalized for 48 hours (within 7 days of the date of injury) for the NTSB to define the injury as a "serious injury."
The NTSB defines a serious injury as any injury which causes severe tendon damage.
NTSB Part 830 requires an immediate notification as a result of which incident? Flight control system malfunction.
The operator of an aircraft involved in an incident is required to submit a report to the nearest field office of the NTSB only if requested to do so.
— Incidents have a lower reporting threshold than accidents.
The operator of an aircraft that has been involved in an accident is required to file a report within how many days? Ten (10).
How many days after an accident is a report required to be filed with the nearest NTSB field office? 10.
An accident is a report required to be filed with the nearest NTSB field office within 10 days.
Notification of an aircraft accident should be made to the NTSB immediately if there was substantial damage.
— A formal accident report is required within 10 days.