Chapter 7: Instructional Aids and Training Technologies
Training media comprises any physical means of communication information to students, from the instructor's voice to books and DVDs. Instructional aids assist an instructor in the teaching process.
Instructional aids are considered to be useful because the sensory register of the memory is enhanced by emphatic aids, students do a better job of retaining information, and aids based on key points in the lesson are straightforward and simple, making them easy to remember and recall.
Instructional aids also solve some language barriers, clarify relationships between objects and concepts, and allow more information to be conveyed in less time.
Instructional aids should clearly establish the lesson objective; gather necessary data; and organize key points. They should be compatible with the learning outcomes to be achieved. Words should be kept to a mininum, and instructors should not use them as a crutch.
Types of instructional aids include a chalkboard or marker board, print materials, enhanced training materials (syllabi, maneuvers guide, handbook), projected material, video (passive and interactive/CD), computer-based multimedia, and models/mock-ups/cutaways.
Test preparation materials may be effective when preparing for FAA tests, but students may fail to grasp critical material. Students who have prepared for the test may also do poorly in oral examination. Test preparation focuses on rote learning, the lowest of all learning levels.
Flight Instructor Test Questions
The use of instructional aids should be based on their ability to support a specific point in the lesson. The first step in determining if and where instructional aids are necessary is to clearly establish the lesson objective, being certain what must be communicated.
Instructional aids should be designed to cover the key points in a lesson (not "Instructional aids should not be used simply to cover a subject in less time.")
Instructional aids used in the teaching/learning process should be compatible with the learning outcomes to be achieved.
Instructional aids used in the teaching/learning process should not be used as a crutch by the instructor.