Pilot & Instructor Certification (Part 61)
Part 61: Certification: Pilots, Flight Instructors, and Ground Instructors
Read the whole thing at the National Archives website.
14 CFR Part 61 covers regulations that apply to the certification of pilots, as well as flight training and examinations.
The Flight Instructor knowledge test and oral exam cover various topics that are defined in Part 61.
Unfortunately, while Part 61 is the final authority on these matters, it's a difficult document to read, since it's fragmented in order to function as a legal standard. CFI candidates will need to know how to find specific information, particularly when using Part 61 as a reference during the oral exam.
The good news is that the FAA maintains Advisory Circular 61-65, which is far more legible than Part 61 and is meant to provide guidance to pilots, instructors, and examiners. CFI candidates can expect to rely on AC 61-65 as a key reference document during the oral exam.
Subpart G: Airline Transport Pilots
Subpart H: Flight Instructors Other than Flight Instructors With a Sport Pilot Rating
Subpart I: Ground Instructors
Subpart J: Sport Pilots
Flight Instructor Test Questions
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Practical Test Standards: Flight Instructor
II. Technical Subject Areas
Task M: Logbook Entries and Certificate Endorsements
Objective: To determine that the applicant exhibits instructional knowledge of the elements related to logbook entries and certificate endorsements by describing:
Oral Exam Questions