Five Mile Final | A Flight Instructor's Sandbox

CFR 43: Maintenance

• Records | Authorized Persons | Return to Service | Records | Disposition of Parts | Disposition of Records | Falsification | Performance Rules | Airworthiness Limitations | Canadians
• Appendices: Alterations, Repairs, Prevention | Records | Annual & 100-hour Inspection | Altimeter Inspection | Transponder Inspection

CFR 61: Certification

• A: Ratings :: Simulators | Ratings Issued | Obsolete Ratings | Expired Licenses | Issuance | Drug & Alcohol Test | Temporary Certificates | Duration | Cat. II & III | Medicals | Name Change | Surrender of Certificate | Replacement of Certificate | Type Ratings | Tests: Knowledge & Practical | Examiners | Re-Test | Logbooks | Medical Deficiency | Second in Command | Flight Review | PIC Recency | Falsification | Change of Address
• C: Student Eligibility :: Solo Requirements | Solo Cross-Country | General Limitations
• D: Recreational Pilots :: Aeronautical Knowledge | Proficiency | Experience | Small Islands | Privileges & Limitations
• E: Private Pilots :: Eligibility | Aeronautical Knowledge | Proficiency | Experience | Night Exceptions | Cross Country: Small Islands | PIC Privileges & Limitations | Balloon Rating

CFR 67: Medical Certification

• 1st Class | 2nd Class | 3rd Class


CFR 91: General Operations and Flight Rules

• A: Generals :: Pilot in Command | Airworthiness | Placards | Reckless Operations | Dropping Objects | Alcohol & Drugs | Narcotics | Electronic Devices | Leases & Sales
• B: Flight Rules, General :: Preflight Action | Crew Members | Belts & Harnesses | Simulated Instrument Flight | Near Other Aircraft | Right of Way, Land | Right of Way, Water | Speed | Minimum Altitudes | Altimeter Settings | ATC Clearances | ATC Light Signals | Class G Airport | Class E Airport | Class D-C-B Airspace | Restricted & Prohibited Airspace | Class A Airspace | TFRs: Disaster Areas | TFRs: Hawaii | Emergency Rules | The President | Space Flight | High Barometric | Air Shows & Sports Events | Visual Flight Rules | VFR Minimums | Fuel Requirements | Flight Plan | SVFR Minimums | VFR Cruising Altitude | Instrument Flight Rules
• C: Equipment Installation & Certification :: Civil Aircraft Certification | ELTs | Lights | Oxygen | Inoperable Equipment | Transponder with Altimeter Encoder | Pressure Equipment | Exotic Equipment
• D: Special Flight Ops :: Aerobatic | Flight Test Areas | Parachuting | Towing: Gliders | Towing: Other | Restricted Category Aircraft | Limited Category Aircraft | Provisionally Certified | Experimental | Federal Candidates | Maximum Weight: Alaska
• E: Maintenance, Preventative and Alterations :: Maintenance Required | Operations Post-Maintenance | Inspections | Special Program Requirements

49 CFR Part 830: Notification and Reporting of Aircraft Accidents or Incidents and Overdue Aircraft, and Preservation of Aircraft Wreckage, Mail, Cargo, and Records

• A: General
• B: Initial Notification of Aircraft Accidents, Incidents, and Overdue Aircraft
• C: Preservation of Aircraft Wreckage, Mail, Cargo, and Records
• D: Reporting of Aircraft Accidents, Incidents, and Overdue Aircraft

An aircraft accident means an occurrence in which any person suffers death or serious injury, or in which the aircraft receives substantial damage.

Fatal injury means any injury which results in death within 30 days of the accident.

An incident refers to an occurrence other than an accident which affects or could affect the safety of operations.

Serious injury means any injury which:

Substantial damage means damage or failure which adversely affects the structural strength, performance, or flight characteristics of the aircraft, and which would normally require major repair or replacement of the affected component.

Items not considered "substantial damage" include

Operators shall immediately notify the NTSB in the event of:

Information to be given is outlined in 49 CFR 830.6.

The operator shall file a report within 10 days after an accident, or after 7 days if an overdue aircraft is still missing.

A report on an incident for which immediate notification is required per 830.5(a) shall be filed only as requested by an authorized representative of the Board.

Commercial Pilot & Flight Instructor Test Questions

Regulations concerning the operational control of a flight refer to exercising authority over initiating, conducting, or terminating a flight. (1.1)

The person responsible for maintaining an aircraft in an airworthy condition is the owner or operator of the aircraft.

The person responsible for assuring compliance with an Airworthiness Directive is the owner or operator of the aircraft.

What documentation is required when a pilot has performed preventive maintenance on an aircraft? The pilot is to make an entry in the aircraft's maintenance records.

To meet the recent flight experience requirements for acting as pilot in command carrying passengers at night, a pilot must have made, within the preceding 90 days and from 1 hour after sunset to 1 hour before sunrise, three takeoffs and landings to a full stop in the same category, class, and type (if a type rating is required) of aircraft to be used. (61.57)

To be eligible for a Student Pilot Certificate limited to airplanes, an applicant is required to be at least how old? 16 years.

If recency of experience requirements for night flight are not met and official sunset is 1830, the latest time passengers may be carried is 1929. (61.57)

A private pilot has completed three takeoffs and three landings to a full stop within the preceding 90 days in a tricycle-gear airplane, single-engine land, and decides to take a passenger for a flight in a tailwheel airplane, single-engine land. Since these aircraft are of the same category and class, the pilot is current in the tricycle-gear airplane. (61.57)
— If the aircraft is a tailwheel airplane, the landings must have been made to a full stop in a tailwheel airplane.

If an airplane category is listed as utility, it would mean that this airplane could be operated in limited aerobatics, including spins (if authorized).
— It should not be confused with normal category aircraft, and authorized spins are permitted.

What is the maximum time period during which a person may use an ATC transponder after it has been tested and inspected?? 24 calendar months. (91.413)

A ELT may be operated for a maximum of 60 minutes before the rechargeable battery must be recharged.

The maximum cumulative time that an emergency locator transmitter may be operated before the rechargeable battery must be recharged is 60 minutes.

May an airplane be operated in formation flight while passengers are carried for hire? No; this is not authorized. (91.111)
— This is legal provided all participating aircraft are operating in a private capacity.

When an aircraft is being flown over water, under what circumstance must approved flotation gear be readily available to each occupant? When operating for hire beyond power-off gliding distance from shore. (91.205)

The holder of a pilot or instructor certificate who fails to notify the FAA Airmen Certification Branch in writing of a change in permanent mailing address may exercise the privileges of that certificate for how many days after the date of change? 30 days. (61.60)

When a permanent change of address occurs, pilot or instructor privileges may not be exercised unless the FAA Airmen Certification Branch is notified, in writing, within 30 days. (61.60)

Pilots who change their permanent mailing address and fail to notify the FAA Airmen Certification Branch of this change, are entitled to exercise the privileges of their pilot certificate for a period of 30 days.

An applicant who fails a knowledge test for the first time may apply for retesting after presenting an endorsement from an authorized instructor certifying that additional training has been given and the applicant is competent to pass the test. (61.49)

A person who the Administrator finds has cheated or committed any unauthorized act during a knowledge test may not take another knowledge test within one year. (14 CFR 61.37)

What action may be taken against a person whom the Administrator finds has cheated on a knowledge test? Any certificate or rating held by the person may be suspended or revoked. (61.37)

NTSB: Accidents and Incidents

The operator of an aircraft that has been involved in an incident is required to submit a report to the nearest field office of the NTSB only if requested to do so.

If an aircraft is involved in an accident which results in substantial damage to the aircraft, the nearest NTSB field office shall be notified immediately.

Notification to the NTSB is required when there has been substantial damage which adversely affects aircraft performance.

A person must be hospitalized for 48 hours (within 7 days of the date of injury) for the NTSB to define the injury as a "serious injury."

The NTSB defines a serious injury as any injury which causes severe tendon damage.

NTSB Part 830 requires an immediate notification as a result of which incident? Flight control system malfunction.

The operator of an aircraft involved in an incident is required to submit a report to the nearest field office of the NTSB only if requested to do so.
— Incidents have a lower reporting threshold than accidents.

The operator of an aircraft that has been involved in an accident is required to file a report within how many days? Ten (10).

How many days after an accident is a report required to be filed with the nearest NTSB field office? 10.

An accident is a report required to be filed with the nearest NTSB field office within 10 days.

Notification of an aircraft accident should be made to the NTSB immediately if there was substantial damage.
— A formal accident report is required within 10 days.

Robert Wederquist   CP-ASEL - AGI - IGI
Commercial Pilot • Instrument Pilot
Advanced Ground Instructor • Instrument Ground Instructor